Medical Conditions

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Medical Conditions 2017-04-30T22:15:26-07:00

Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

According to the definition, it is a reflux of gastric contents (mainly acid) through the lax lower oesophagal sphincter. GERD, also known as heartburn or pyrosis, is a disease affecting lower one-third of the oesophagus and upper part of the stomach. The condition happens as a result of two phenomena appearing simultaneously; aggravated intragastric pressure...

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Hiatal Hernia

Hiatus is a defect in an anatomical structure, and oesophagal hiatus is a hole in the diaphragm through which oesophagus passes from the thorax into the abdomen. It occurs when part of stomach projects into the thoracic cavity through or along the side of the oesophagal hiatus of the diaphragm. Cause The phrenico- oesophagal membrane...

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Esophagitis, Gastritis and Duodenitis

Separated by fragile membranes, all of these diseases fall under the same category and to a major extent, their causes, symptoms and treatments are all the same. So, we will discuss them collectively here. The major differentiation between these three primarily comes from the difference and correspondence in their respective names. Esophagitis is the inflammation...

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Peptic Ulcer Diseases

Peptic Ulcer Disease, more commonly known as the stomach ulcer, is a medical condition in which the stomach, duodenum or oesophagal lining gets broken, and the individual faces a sore feeling in the gut. Getting specific about its types, an ulcer in the stomach is renowned as a gastric ulcer, and if it targets the...

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Esophageal Strictures

The passage that connects the stomach with throat (known as the oesophagus) can experience a narrowing in structure due to certain reasons. Such a condition is commonly referred to as the Esophageal Stricture. Oesophagal Stricture is usually due to the inflammation ofoesophagal lining which may be caused because of the stomach acid, accidental swallowing of...

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Barrett’s Esophagus

A metaplasia or an abnormal change of cells, which constitutes the lower part of the oesophagus is known as the Barrett’s Esophagus. Technically, Barrett’s Esophagus is a ramification of cellular damage at the oesophagal level which is caused by a persistent exposure to the stomach acid. A recurring gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of...

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Cholecystitis

Cholecystitis is a condition in which the gallbladder faces inflammation mainly due to the presence of stones. But it has various other reasons as well, which will be discussed later in this article. Basically, gallstones block the tube that comes out of the gallbladder, and hence a patient faces the condition known as ‘cholecystitis’. The...

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Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD)

Inflammatory Bowel Disease or IBD is a broad term that nests two major gut-related diseases under its category. Typically, IBD is referred to as an inflammation of either whole or part of the gut, resulting from Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis. Basically, ulcerative colitis is a condition where prolonged inflammation and ulcers might occur in...

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Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoid is a medical condition which involves the swelling of veins in the lowest part of anus and rectum. If the hemorrhoids are swollen, the condition might be termed as piles. There are a lot of blood vessels located in the said area and sometimes when they stretch out to become extremely thin, they get...

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Hepatitis B

Not many diseases are as life-threatening as Hepatitis B, mainly because it targets one of the most vital organs in the human body – liver! It is an infection which penetrates your immune system with the help of hepatitis B virus and thus, making it a popular concern for health enthusiasts. Determining from the statistics,...

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Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a blood-borne virus and a global threat. This lethal virus attacks liver which is responsible for the healthy and optimized functioning of the body. The life-threatening disease, Hepatitis C, overcomes the natural immune responses mounted by the body and releases body-wide symptoms, which may be subtle, yet as dangerous as hand grenades!...

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Gastric Cancer

Gastric diseases may be uncomfortable and nauseating; however, gastric cancers are one of the most debilitating ailments. Let us understand it from a quick comparison. Stomach cancer is a disease, in which malignant cells from the lining of stomach mutate and change their shape. However, in gastric cancers, all aspects of the Gastrointestinaltract are affected. ...

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Colon Cancer

Large intestine of the body is also referred to as the colon. Since it the last segment of the digestive system, the colon is responsible for enabling absorption of water and salts out of the solid waste which is moved through the rectum to be excreted out of the body via the anus. A widespread...

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Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Gastrointestinal bleeding is a widespread clinical concern that often requires hospitalising. There are multiple sites in a gastrointestinal tract (GI tract) which could be involved in bleeding. However, all such concerns are usually categorized into two kinds, namely lower GI bleeding and upper GI bleeding. The extent of GI bleeding can range from life-threatening haemorrhage...

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Cirrhosis

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