Hemorrhoid is a medical condition which involves the swelling of veins in the lowest part of anus and rectum. If the hemorrhoids are swollen, the condition might be termed as piles.
There are a lot of blood vessels located in the said area and sometimes when they stretch out to become extremely thin, they get bulged, and the affected person faces mild to severe irritation while egesting (irritation might occur in normal conditions as well. i.e. sitting in the office).
Even though the condition is not very serious (usually) and gets off within a few weeks, you should not let it go unnoticed and must visit the doctor to ensure that there is not any underlying seriousness.
There are two types of hemorrhoids namely internal and external. As the names suggest, internal hemorrhoids are located deep inside the rectum and are almost impossible to touch. But whenever you pass stool, you would feel an irritation around the affected area. However, the pain is quite less as compared to the external hemorrhoids because there are quite a few veins located inside the rectum.
If we talk about the external hemorrhoids, they cause inflammation of veins around the anus, and the ‘bulge’ is located just outside rectum (on the skin). Since there are a lot of nerve endings here, the sensation of pain is quite high even in the instances when the individual is not passing stool.
The prolapsed hemorrhoids go inside rectum on their own, but sometimes, even if they do not, you could just push them back upon softening.
You should keep a constant check on the condition of your external hemorrhoid because if a blood clot occurs there, its colour might get dark and could bleed as well.
Sometimes the cause could be credited to a faulty gene, but there are a lot of other reasons as well that might contribute in developing external or internal hemorrhoid. Let us have a look at a few of them below:
- Sitting on a hard surface for prolonged hours causes accumulation of pressure and hence affects the blood flow in the lower rectum. As a result, the veins might swell, and the condition could turn itself into hemorrhoids. However, ‘extra’ pressure during following activities or conditions might also lead to the condition being discussed:
- Forced bowel movements (i.e. pushing your poop while sitting in the washroom)
- Low fiber diet
- Holding breath during physical labor
- Standing for long periods
If any of the above-mentioned conditions is accompanied by sneezing, vomiting or coughing, then your situation might get worse!
Until now, you might have guessed almost all of the preventive measure to trick hemorrhoids or restrict their recurrence at least. Let us discuss a few of them to get things rolling all around.
- Eat a lot of fibrous food to prevent the pressure of food inside large intestine which might otherwise result in constipation and ultimately, hemorrhoids
- You should drink a significant amount of water during the day to prevent constipation and moisten your stool. It would also diminish the amount of stress on bowel movements.
- If you prefer eating fruits, that would be a great deal as fruits contain a significant amount of fiber and water as well.
- A decent amount and intensity of physical activity keeps a constant blood flow to all parts of the body, and it also helps in quick digestion which ultimately assists in efficient bowel movement
- Whenever you feel an urge to use the toilet, there is no need to hold on. Just visit the restroom and release!
Types of Hemorrhoids
For the ease of treatment, physicians classify hemorrhoids into four different categories, discussed below:
These hemorrhoids are usually located inside the rectum and do not prolapse. However, they are a bit enlarged and may bleed occasionally.
These hemorrhoids tend to retract; prolapse and the processes may or may not be accompanied by bleeding. There is a probability where these ‘bulges’ might come out of the anus while pressure is applied (e.g. passing stool) and get inside after the application of pressure is removed.
These hemorrhoids tend to prolapse and must be pushed inside the rectum with the help of finger.
It is probably the most crucial stage of this disease that must be dealt with very strictly. In the fourth degree, the prolapsing hemorrhoids cannot be pushed back inside the rectum, and these also include the ‘bulges’ which contain blood clots. In some of the cases, a minor surgery might be required.
Most of the patients suffering from hemorrhoids do not prefer visiting a doctor because of their hesitation, but that does not bring any good. So, you are highly encouraged to visit a reasonable doctor and get yourself treated without any delay.
Your doctor might advise some or all of the following during treatment:
- To diminish the intensity of pain, you could be encouraged to sit in a warm tub of water or apply a water bottle in case of external hemorrhoid. But in case, the pain is intolerable; medication is most likely to be advised
- Even though it is not a prompt treatment to relieve pain or irritation but it is quite useful. The doctor might ask you to use certain fibre supplements with a hope to soften the stool
- To reduce or shrink the size of your hemorrhoid the doctor might suggest a rubber band litigation in which the blood supply of hemorrhoid is cut off by wrapping it around. As a result, the blood flow is reduced, and the bulge decreases in size. This treatment should never be performed at home or by an unprofessional or the irritation might get worse!
- In crucial cases, the doctor might use an injection directly into the vein to cut off the blood supply, forcing hemorrhoid to shrink itself